The Fallibility of Finality, Appendix A: Exoneree Information

Last Name First Name State Convicted Exonerated SCOTUS Cert Review
McMillian Walter AL 1988 1993 None
Padgett Larry Randal AL 1992 1997 None
Drinkard Gary AL 1995 2001 None
Quick Wesley AL 1997 2003 None
Moore Daniel Wade AL 2002 2009 None
Hinton Anthony AL 1986 2015 Cert denied in Hinton v. Alabama, 493 U.S. 969 (1989) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting). Remand ordered in Hinton v. Alabama, 134 S. Ct. 1081 (2014).
Robison James Albert AZ 1977 1993 None
Cruz Robert AZ 1981 1995 None
Grannis David AZ 1991 1996 None
McCrimmon Christopher AZ 1993 1997 None
Krone Ray AZ 1992 2002 Cert denied in Krone v. Arizona, 527 U.S. 1043 (1999) (following retrial and resentencing to life).
Minnitt Andre AZ 1993 2002 None
Prion Lemuel AZ 1999 2003 None
Milke Debra AZ 1990 2015 Cert denied in Milke v. Arizona, 512 U.S. 1227 (1994) (Blackmun, J., dissenting).
Jones Troy Lee CA 1982 1996 None
Morris Oscar CA 1983 2000 None
Croy Patrick CA 1979 2004 None
Richardson James Joseph FL 1968 1989 None
Golden Andrew FL 1991 1994 None
Green Joseph FL 1993 2000 None
Smith Frank Lee FL 1986 2000 Cert denied in Smith v. Florida, 485 U.S. 971 (1988) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Martinez Joaquin Jose FL 1997 2001 None
Melendez Juan Roberto FL 1984 2002 Cert denied in Melendez v. Florida, 510 U.S. 934 (1993) (off state post-conviction).
Holton Rudolph FL 1987 2003 Cert denied in Holton v. Florida, 500 U.S. 960 (1991) (Marshall, J., dissenting).
Penalver Seth FL 1999 2012 None
Nelson Gary GA 1980 1991 Cert denied in Nelson v. Georgia, 454 U.S. 882 (1981) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Fain Charles ID 1983 2001 Cert denied in Idaho v. Fain, 493 U.S. 917 (1989) (after Idaho Supreme Court vacated death sentence on direct appeal).
Paradis Donald ID 1981 2001 Cert denied in Paradis v. Idaho, 468 U.S. 1220 (1984) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Cruz Rolando IL 1985 1995 Cert denied in Illinois v. Hernandez, 488 U.S. 869 (1998) (after Illinois Supreme Court granted new trial).
Hernandez Alejandro IL 1985 1995 Cert denied in Illinois v. Cruz, 488 U.S. 869 (1988) (after Illinois Supreme Court granted new trial).
Burrows Joe IL 1989 1996 Cert denied in Burrows v. Illinois, 506 U.S. 1055 (1993).
Gauger Gary IL 1993 1996 None
Jimerson Verneal IL 1985 1996 Cert denied in Jimerson v. Illinois, 497 U.S. 1031 (1990) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Lawson Carl IL 1990 1996 None
Williams Dennis IL 1978 1996 Cert denied in Williams v. Illinois, 506 U.S. 876 (1992).
Jones Ronald IL 1989 1999 Cert denied in Jones v. Illinois, 511 U.S. 1012 (1994) (Blackmun, J., dissenting).
Porter Anthony IL 1983 1999 Cert denied in Porter v. Illinois, 479 U.S. 898 (1986) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting on juror bias issue).
Smith Steven IL 1986 1999 None
Geralds, Jr. Hubert IL 1997 2000 None
Hobley Madison IL 1990 2003 Cert denied in Hobley v. Illinois, 513 U.S. 1015 (1994).
Howard Stanley IL 1987 2003 Cert denied in Howard v. Illinois, 506 U.S. 875 (1992).
Orange Leroy IL 1985 2003 Cert denied in Orange v. Illinois, 488 U.S. 900 (1988) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Patterson Aaron IL 1989 2003 Cert denied in Patterson v. Illinois, 510 U.S. 879 (1993).
Steidl Gordon IL 1987 2004 Cert denied in Steidl v. Illinois, 502 U.S. 853 (1991).
Fields Nathson Edgar IL 1986 2009 Cert denied in Fields v. Illinois, 498 U.S. 881 (1990) (Marshall, J., dissenting).
Kitchen Ronald IL 1990 2009 Cert denied in Kitchen v. Illinois, 513 U.S. 1020 (1994).
Smith Charles IN 1983 1991 None
Osborne Larry KY 1999 2002 None
Hudson Larry LA 1967 1993 Cert dismissed in Hudson v. Louisiana, 403 U.S. 949 (1971).
Kyles Curtis LA 1984 1998 Cert denied in Kyles v. Louisiana, 486 U.S. 1027 (1988) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting). New trial ordered in Kyles v. Whitley, 514 U.S. 419 (1995).
Cousin Shareef LA 1996 1999 None
Graham Michael LA 1987 2000 None
Burrell Albert LA 1987 2001 Cert denied in Burrell v. Louisiana, 498 U.S. 1074 (1991) (Marshall, J., dissenting).
Thompson John LA 1985 2003 Cert denied in Thompson v. Louisiana, 488 U.S. 871 (1988) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Bright Dan L. LA 1996 2004 None
Matthews Ryan LA 1999 2004 None
Thibodeaux Damon LA 1997 2012 Cert denied in Thibodeaux v. Louisiana, 529 U.S. 1112 (2000).
Ford Glenn LA 1984 2014 Cert denied in Ford v. Louisiana, 498 U.S. 992 (1990) (Marshall, J., dissenting).
Greco Louis MA 1968 2001 Cert denied in Greco v. Massachusetts, 508 U.S. 925 (1993).
Limone Peter MA 1968 2001 Death penalty vacated in Limone v. Massachusetts, 408 U.S. 936 (1972) (in light of Furman).
Tameleo Henry MA 1968 2001 None
Adams Laurence MA 1974 2004 None
Bloodsworth Kirk MD 1985 1993 None
Dexter, Jr. Clarence Richard MO 1991 1999 None
Clemmons Eric MO 1987 2000 Cert denied in Clemmons v. Missouri, 488 U.S. 948 (1988) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Amrine Joseph MO 1986 2003 Cert denied in Amrine v. Missouri, 486 U.S. 1017 (1988) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Griffin Reginald MO 1988 2013 None
Butler Sabrina MS 1990 1995 None
Brewer Kennedy MS 1995 2008 Cert denied in Brewer v. Mississippi, 526 U.S. 1027 (1999).
Manning Willie MS 1996 2015 Cert denied in Manning v. Mississippi, 526 U.S. 1056 (1999).
Rivera Alfred NC 1997 1999 None
Gell Alan NC 1998 2004 Cert denied in Gell v. North Carolina, 531 U.S. 867 (2000).
Hoffman Jonathon NC 1996 2007 Cert denied in Hoffman v. North Carolina, 526 U.S. 1053 (1999).
Chapman Glen Edward NC 1994 2008 Cert denied in Chapman v. North Carolina, 518 U.S. 1023 (1996).
Jones Levon Junior NC 1993 2008 Cert denied in Jones v. North Carolina, 518 U.S. 1010 (1996).
Brown Leon NC 1984 2014 None
McCollum Henry NC 1984 2014 Cert denied in McCollum v. North Carolina, 512 U.S. 1254 (1994) (Blackmun, J., dissenting).
Miranda Roberto NV 1982 1996 Cert denied in Miranda v. Nevada, 475 U.S. 1031 (1986) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Johnston Dale OH 1984 1990 None
Howard Timothy OH 1977 2003 None
James Gary Lamar OH 1977 2003 None
Jamison Derrick OH 1985 2005 Cert denied in Jamison v. Ohio, 498 U.S. 881 (1990) (Marshall, J., dissenting).
D’Ambrosio Joe OH 1989 2012 Cert denied in D’Ambrosio v. Ohio, 517 U.S. 1172 (1996).
Ajamu Kwame OH 1975 2014 None
Bridgeman Wiley OH 1975 2014 None
Jackson Ricky OH 1975 2014 None
Wilhoit Gregory OK 1987 1993 None
Munson Adolph OK 1985 1995 Cert denied in Munson v. Oklahoma, 488 U.S. 1019 (1989) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Miller, Jr. Robert Lee OK 1988 1998 None
Williamson Ronald Keith OK 1988 1999 Cert denied in Williamson v. Oklahoma, 503 U.S. 973 (1992); Williamson v. Oklahoma, 511 U.S. 1115 (1994) (Blackmun, J., dissenting).
McCarty Curtis OK 1986 2007 Cert denied in McCarty v. Oklahoma, 528 U.S. 1009 (1999).
Douglas Yancy OK 1995 2009 Cert denied in Douglas v. Oklahoma, 525 U.S. 884 (1998).
Powell Paris OK 1997 2009 Cert denied in Powell v. Oklahoma, 531 U.S. 935 (2000).
Smith Jay C. PA 1986 1992 None
Nieves William PA 1994 2000 None
Kimbell Thomas PA 1998 2002 None
Yarris Nicholas PA 1982 2003 Cert denied in Yarris v. Pennsylvania, 491 U.S. 910 (1989) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Wilson Harold C. PA 1989 2005 Cert denied in Wilson v. Pennsylvania, 519 U.S. 951 (1996).
Manning Warren Douglas SC 1989 1999 None
McCormick Michael Lee TN 1987 2007 Cert denied in McCormick v. Tennessee, 494 U.S. 1039 (1990) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
House Paul G. TN 1986 2009 Cert denied in House v. Tennessee, 498 U.S. 912 (1990) (Marshall, J., dissenting on Mills issue). Hearing ordered in House v. Bell, 547 U.S. 518 (2006).
Vann Gussie TN 1994 2011 Cert denied in Vann v. Tennessee, 526 U.S. 1071 (1999).
Adams Randall D. TX 1977 1989 Death sentence reversed in Adams v. Texas, 448 U.S. 38 (1980).
Brandley Clarence TX 1981 1990 Cert denied in Texas v. Brandley, 498 U.S. 817 (1989) (following Brandley’s victory in Ex parte Brandley, 781 S.W.2d 886 (Tex. Crim. App. 1989).
Deeb Muneer TX 1985 1993 Cert denied in Deeb v. Texas, 505 U.S. 1223 (1992).
Macias Federico TX 1984 1993 Cert denied in Macias v. Texas, 484 U.S. 1079 (1988) (Marshall, J, joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Aldape Guerra Ricardo TX 1982 1997 Cert denied in Aldape Guerra v. Texas, 492 U.S. 925 (1989) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Willis Ernest Ray TX 1987 2004 Cert denied in Willis v. Texas, 498 U.S. 908 (1990) (Marshall, J., dissenting).
Blair Michael TX 1994 2008 None
Springsteen Robert TX 2001 2009 Cert denied in Texas v. Springsteen, 549 U.S. 1253 (2007) (following new trial grant on hearsay issue).
Toney Michael TX 1999 2009 Cert denied in Toney v. Texas, 537 U.S. 1113 (2003).
Graves Anthony TX 1994 2010 Cert denied in Graves v. Dretke, 541 U.S. 1057 (2004).
Brown Alfred TX 2005 2015 Cert denied in Brown v. Texas, 556 U.S. 1211 (2009).
Washington Earl VA 1984 2000 Cert denied in Washington v. Virginia, 471 U.S. 1111 (1985) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).
Harris Benjamin WA 1984 1997 Cert denied in Harris v. Washington, 480 U.S. 940 (1987) (Marshall, J., joined by Brennan, J., dissenting).

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